United Nations Organization
On January 1, 1942, the name United Nations was proposed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States. During World-War 2, 26 member states pledged to fight "Axis-Powers" with their governments.
From 1942 to 1945 the number in this organization increased to 50.
1945 A meeting of delegates from the member countries of this international body is convened in San Francisco to draft the United Nations Charter. Discussions at this meeting were preceded by the inclusion of proposals on the agenda by the 4 major member states of the organization in 1944, which were discussed with the rest of the members at the 1945 international conference.
Representatives of these 50 countries signed the United Nations Charter on 26 June 1945. Poland was not represented at the conference but became the 51st country to sign the treaty.
The Charter was formally ratified by the United Nations on 24 October 1945, signed by representatives of the United States, the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, China, and other member states. Since then, October 24 has been celebrated as United Nations Day every year.
The key members of the organization formed two unions affiliated with the organization to discuss some important issues: the International Telegraph Union (1865) and the Universal Postal Union (1874), both of which are important agencies of the United Nations.
In 1899 the International Peace Conference was held in the city of The Hague in the Netherlands. The main purpose of this conference was to stop wars, resolve conflicts peacefully, and make a comprehensive analysis of the rules of war and weapons. The Pacific Settlement considered the above issues and established a permanent court of arbitration. This settlement came into force in 1902.
League of Nations:
The League of Nations was established during World War I and was established by the Treaty of Versailles on 28 June 1919 to provide international assistance to establish peace and security. And the International Labor Organization was established as a subsidiary of the League of Nations under the Treaty of Versailles. The organization ceased service on 20 April 1946 due to its failure to stop the First World War.
The United Nations Secretariat is headquartered in New York City, and other affiliates have been established in various countries.