Capital Of Andhra Pradesh
The "Capital of Andhra Pradesh (Amaravathi)" project, which is being built in collaboration with Singapore - companies, has been halted.
Andhra Pradesh's three Capitals proposal was announced by YSR Congress party president YS Jagan Mohan Reddy at the beginning of the year 2020. The main purpose of this proposal is to keep the capital in one place so that the whole development takes place in one place so that the development in the rest of the areas stops. The ruling party leaders said the decision was taken to make it easier for the administration to ensure that the entire development of Andhra Pradesh is possible through a decentralized approach to development.
The bills were passed twice in the legislative assembly, first on January 20, 2020, and second on June 20, 2020, but these two bills were not passed by the legislative council. However, in 2020, the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority sent the bill to Governor Bishwabhushan Harichandan for approval, which was later passed. These bills became official laws.
Governor Biswabhushan Harichandan on Friday approved two bills, the AP-Decentralization and the Inclusive-Development of All Areas Bill, aimed at repealing the 2014 APCRDA Bill, 2014 and drafting 2020, with three capital cities for the state of Andhra Pradesh. Both bills officially became law after the governor approved them.
Leading Opposition Leader TDP: MLC Deepak Reddy, Rajadhani Rythu Parirakshana Samithi, and Others on August 6 Repeal in the Vijayawada High Court that there were legal hurdles to bring these laws into the realm of reality. These laws are currently pending in the High Court.
Muralidhara Rao, counsel for YS Jagan Mohan.
The chairman of the legislative council suggested that a committee be set up with these two bills using his discretion, but then the committee was not constituted, instead, these two bills were sent to the Governor for approval under Articles 197 1 and 2 of the Constitution of India. And after extensive discussions approved this new law.
As expected by YS Jagan Mohan Reddy, the two bills (AP Decentralization and Comprehensive Development of All Areas Bill) eventually became law. Three regions in Andhra Pradesh were selected to draft the law: the legal capital in Kurnool, the executive capital in Visakhapatnam, and the legislative capital in Amravati.
Past history of Andhra Pradesh State - 1950's.
Creation of Andhra State.
Andhra Pradesh and Madras were once a single state. In an attempt to preserve the self-respect and existence of the Telugu-speaking people at the time, Potti Sreeramulu urged the Madras government to separate the Telugu-speaking districts into a separate state and to hear their demands. The Madras government did not accede to these demands then he went on a long hunger strike on the issue, in which case Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru promised to give a separate Andhra state and Potti Sreeramulu stopped the hunger strike.
The promise given by Nehru was ignored for a long time. He started his fast again on 19 October 1952 at Maharshi Bulusu Sambamurti's house. The Indian National Congress initially rejected the movement but was unable to do so due to public support for the movement. Despite the many beliefs and hopes of the Telugu people in this movement, the governments did not care about a separate state.
Potti Sreeramulu died at midnight on December 15 during a 56-day long movement. The place where he started the movement (H-no: 126, Royapethah High Road, Mylapore, Madras.) Has been preserved by the state government as a monument.
The people of both states were shocked when the news of Potti Sreeramulu's death was revealed. The people chanted slogans praising his sacrifice. Some of his fans could not bear to hear the news of his death and started vandalizing government property. People elsewhere (Nellore, Ongole, Chirala, Tenali, Guntur, Vijayawada, Eluru, Rajahmundry, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram, and Bhimavaram.) Began to do the same. 7 protesters killed in Anakapalle and Vijayawada police clash The agitation lasted until 19 December 1952, after which Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru announced the formation of a separate state.
The then Chief Justice of the Rajasthan High Court K.N. Wanchoo was appointed by the Central Government. In September 1953, the Special State of Andhra Pradesh passed the Bill in Parliament.
According to the Act, on 1 October 1953, Kurnool was made the capital of 11 Telugu-speaking districts and the separate state of Andhra Pradesh was divided.
Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu became the Chief Minister for the first time after the formation of Andhra Pradesh.
Creation of Andhra Pradesh
The state of Andhra Pradesh is located in southeastern India. It covers an area of 162,975 square kilometers and is the 7th largest state in India and the 10th most populous (49,386,799). It is bordered by 5 states and coasts: Karnataka to the west, Tamil Nadu to the south, Chhattisgarh to the north, Odisha to the northeast, Telangana to the northwest, and the Bay of Bengal to the east. Andhra Pradesh (974 km) is the second-longest coastal state in India after Gujarat.
Its official language is Telugu, the 4th most spoken language in India and the 11th most spoken language in the world. The state was once a center of Buddhism and a center of Buddhist education. Monuments, ruins, and stupas of the Buddha are found in large numbers in Andhra Pradesh. The world-famous diamond Koh-i-Noor dates back to the time of the Buddhists and the Kollur Mine is said to be one of the most famous diamond mines in the world. Andhra Pradesh was the first of the linguistically segregated states, which took place on 1 October 1953. Andhra Pradesh is the largest producer of rice in India, hence the name Rice Bowl of India.
In the 8th century BC, the Rhugveda traced the existence of the Andhra population to the Aitareya Brahmanical text. The first Andhras lived on the banks of the Yamuna River (northern India) and migrated from there to southern India. Between 700 and 300 BC, there was an ancient kingdom between the Krishna and Godavari rivers in southeastern India, known as the Assaka Mahajanapada. The people of that kingdom mentioned the descendants of Vishwamitra in the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, and the Puranas. The Satavahanas, the first kings of Andhra Pradesh and India, were also known as the Andhras.
The Andhras people first valued cultural dreams by building Buddhist temples and monuments.
List of kings who ruled Andhra: "Satavahanas", "Eastern Chalukyas", "Andhra Ikshwaks", "Vijayanagara Empire", "Mauryan Empire", "Cholas", "Pallavas", "Salankayanas", "Vishnukundinas", "Kakatiyas", and "Rashtrakutas".
The state of Andhra Pradesh was part of the Ashoka dynasty in the 3rd century BC and after his death, it spread beyond the Maratha lands.
Andhra Pradesh is mainly divided into two parts, coastal Andhra bordering Bengal on the east and northeast, and Rayalaseema on the southwest. There are a total of 13 districts in the state, 9 in coastal Andhra and 4 in Rayalaseema.
Andhra Pradesh is the 7th largest economy in the country with a gross domestic product of ₹ 9.33 trillion and CGDP of ₹ 164,000.
Andhra Pradesh ranks 27th in India in terms of human development.
It is the first state in India to have three capital proposals.
Visakhapatnam is the executive capital, Amravati is the legislative capital, and Kurnool is the legal capital. Visakhapatnam is the largest commercial hub in Andhra Pradesh, hence it was chosen as the executive capital.
The state has a union territory called Yanam, which is located in the Puducherry district. Andhra Pradesh is the 3rd most visited state in India in terms of tourism, which has grown by 30% since 2015.
List of tourist destinations in the state: Tirumala (Venkateswara Temple), Godavari river (Konaseema), Krishna river (Diviseema), Araku (Horsley Hills & Araku Valley), and Visakhapatnam (beaches).